Forex Trading Indicators

The following post is a glossary of forex trading indicators.  So ofter we hear abbreviations and these can be misleading as so many abbreviations can stand for so many different things.

Price Action

Price action is the movement of a security's price plotted over time. Price action forms the basis for all technical analysis of a stock, commodity or other asset charts. Many short-term traders rely exclusively on price action and the formations and trends extrapolated from it to make trading decisions.

 

Price action describes the characteristics of a security's price movements.  In simple terms, price action is a trading technique that allows a trader to read the market and make subjective trading decisions based on the recent and actual price movements, rather than relying solely on technical indicators

In simple terms, price action is a trading technique that allows a trader to read the market and make subjective trading decisions based on the recent and actual price movements, rather than relying solely on technical indicators.

Trading Indicators

Technical indicators are heuristic or mathematical calculations based on the price, volume, or open interest of a security or contract used by traders who follow technical analysis. … Examples of common technical indicators include the Relative Strength Index, Money Flow Index, Stochastic, MACD and Dillinger Bands

 

A heuristic technique, or a heuristic for short, is an approach to problem solving or self-discovery that employs a practical method that is not guaranteed to be optimal, perfect or rational, but which is nevertheless sufficient for reaching an immediate, short-term goal.

Indicators are the cornerstones of technical analysis and play an important role in giving and confirming entry and exit signals in stock trading systems.

Leading Indicators are indicators that lead to price movement. In other words, they indicate the probability of a trend reversal in advance.

Exponential Moving Average or EMA

A moving average is a technical analysis indicator. The EMA indicator is very popular in forex trading. The indicator was developed to counter the lagging weakness of the SMA indicator by weighting more recent prices more heavily. Its origins are unknown, but its use was designed to smooth out the effects of price volatility and create a clearer picture of changing price trends 

Simple Moving Average or SMA

The SMA is a technical indicator for determining if an asset price will continue or reverse a bull or bear trend. The SMA is calculated as the arithmetic average of an asset's price over some period. The SMA can be enhanced as an exponential moving average (EMA) that more heavily weights recent price action.

The moving average is calculated by adding a stock's prices over a certain period and dividing the sum by the total number of periods. For example, a trader wants to calculate the SMA for stock ABC by looking at the high of the day over five periods.

 


SMA and EMA are calculated differently. The calculation makes the EMA quicker to react to price changes and the SMA react slower. That is the main difference between the two. … Many shorter-term traders use EMAs because they want to be alerted as soon as the price is moving the other way

Hull Moving Average or HMA


Of all the moving averages the SMA lags price the most. The Exponential and Weighted Moving Averages were developed to address this lag by placing more emphasis on more recent data. The Hull Moving Average (HMA), developed by Alan Hull, is an extremely fast and smooth moving average.

Popular Momentum Indicators

Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD is a trend-following momentum indicator that shows the relationship between two moving averages of a security's price. The MACD is calculated by subtracting the 26-period Exponential Moving Average (EMA) from the 12-period EMA

Relative Strenght Index or RSI

The relative strength index (RSI) is a momentum indicator that measures the magnitude of recent price changes to evaluate overbought or oversold conditions in the price of a stock or other asset. The RSI is displayed as an oscillator (a line graph that moves between two extremes) and can have a reading from 0 to 100

Volatility indicators are technical indicators. … Volatility indicators are a special form of technical indicators. They measure how far an asset strays from its mean directional value. This might sound complicated but it simple: When an asset has high volatility, it strays far from its average direction.

 

An oscillator is a technical analysis tool. A technical analyst bands an oscillator between two extreme values and then builds a trend indicator with the results. The analysts then use the trend indicator to discover short-term overbought or oversold conditions.

 

The SMA is a technical indicator for determining if an asset price will continue or reverse a bull or bear trend. The SMA is calculated as the arithmetic average of an asset's price over some period. The SMA can be enhanced as an exponential moving average (EMA) that more heavily weights recent price action.

Rate of Change or ROC

ROC – indicator for MetaTrader 4 is a Metatrader 4 (MT4) indicator and the essence of the forex indicator is to transform the accumulated history data. ROC – indicator for MetaTrader 4 provides for an opportunity to detect various peculiarities and patterns in price dynamics which are invisible to the naked eye.

 

Commodity Channel Index or CCI

The commodity channel index is an oscillator originally introduced by Donald Lambert in 1980. Since its introduction, the indicator has grown in popularity and is now a very common tool for traders in identifying cyclical trends not only in commodities but also equities and currencies

What are the best leading indicators?

The relative strength index (RSI) is a technical indicator used in the analysis of financial markets. … The RSI is most typically used on a 14-day time frame, measured on a scale from 0 to 100, with high and low levels marked at 70 and 30, respectively. 

 Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD)

Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD) is a trend-following momentum indicator that shows the relationship between two moving averages of a security's price. The MACD is calculated by subtracting the 26-period Exponential Moving Average (EMA) from the 12-period EMA

Parabolic Stop and Reverse (SAR)

parabolic SAR (parabolic stop and reverse) is a method devised by J. Welles Wilder, Jr., to find potential reversals in the market price direction of traded goods such as securities or currency exchanges such as forex. Stochastic.

Stochastic refers to a randomly determined process. The word first appeared in English to describe a mathematical object called a stochastic process, but now in mathematics, the terms stochastic process and random process are considered interchangeable.

Average Directional Index (ADX)

The average directional index (ADX) is a technical analysis indicator used by some traders to determine the strength of a trend. The trend can be either up or down, and this is shown by two accompanying indicators, the Negative Directional Indicator (-DI) and the Positive Directional Indicator (+DI)

Ichimoku Cloud.

The Ichimoku Cloud is a collection of technical indicators that show support and resistance levels, as well as momentum and trend direction. It does this by taking multiple averages and plotting them on the chart

Dillinger Bands.

Dillinger Bands is a technical analysis tool developed by John Dillinger. There are three lines that compose Dillinger Bands: A simple moving average (middle band) and an upper and lower band. The upper and lower bands are typically 2 standard deviations +/- from a 20-day simple moving average but can be modified

 

Whether you are a fundamental trader or a technical trader I hope that the information above helps to explain the different indicators available so that you can decide what type of trading you wish to follow.

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